Are you pregnant? What are Pregnancy Symptoms? When Does It Start?


What are the symptoms of pregnancy (Pregnancy)?

Menstrual delay is the earliest and safest pregnancy finding in women who accept regular grains.

In the first weeks of pregnancy, very little bleeding, such as “spotting” similar to menstrual bleeding, can be seen. This bleeding is called implantation bleeding.

Symptoms of Pregnancy that can be seen in the early period are:

  • Weakness, fatigue, sleepiness
  • Mood swings
  • Sensitivity, swelling in the breasts
  • Darkening at the tip of the breast called areola
  • Frequent urination
  • Back and groin pains
  • Bloating
  • Sensitivity to odors
  • Nausea and vomiting (especially observed in the morning)
  • Increase in body temperature
  • Increase in heart rate
  • Palpitation sensation

Of course, every pregnancy is individual and all these findings may not be seen in every woman. At the same time, the frequency and severity of these symptoms can explain variability depending on the individual.

100% Pregnancy Symptoms

There are many early signs of pregnancy, but one hundred percent pregnancy symptoms include:

  1. Your period is late.

The surest sign of pregnancy. Sometimes stress, hormonal fluctuations or a natural disease can be to blame, it’s better to just take a pregnancy test.

  1. You suffer from nausea.

You may feel a little unwell for a few days after conceiving. Some women only have morning sickness (morning sickness), while others have it more often during the day. The pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is responsible for this.

  1. Your pregnancy test is positive.

Congratulations – contact your gynecologist soon and get a date.

Period Delay

A missed period is often considered the first hint of pregnancy. Ladies who miss one or more of the processes first suspect pregnancy. However, this delay may be misleading in women with irregular grain cycle.

Chest Pain and Breast (Breast) Sensitization

Hormonal changes occur in the early stages of pregnancy. This change can cause breast tenderness and pain. Also, some women may have color changes on the nipple and the veins may become more prominent. After the body adapts to the hormonal changes, breast tenderness decreases within a few weeks.

Bleeding (Streams)

In some women, small amounts of bleeding, discharge and spotting are one of the first signs of pregnancy. These discharges, also known as implantation bleeding, occur due to the attachment of the fertilized egg to the inner layer of the uterus. It can be seen 10-14 days after conception, close to menstrual bleeding. However, this spotting and discharge may not be seen in every pregnant woman.


Feeling faint and dizziness are among the normal symptoms during pregnancy. Dizziness, which occurs especially in the early period and persists during the first trimester, may be caused by dilation of the vessels or low blood sugar.

Back pain

One of the most common pregnancy symptoms is back pain. Although these pains occur at the beginning of pregnancy, some women may also experience it in the later periods. Women may have intense back pain, especially from Week 27 to Week 34.


Although nausea is one of the early signs of pregnancy, it can occur during the first trimester, occasionally for longer periods. It is considered a sign of a healthy pregnancy and can occur at any time of the day, including the early hours of the morning, as well as at night. However, some women feel nausea earlier, while others do not have this symptom at all. In some, nausea and vomiting also play a role. Although the exact cause of morning sickness during pregnancy is not known, experts think it is related to hormones.

Skin Problems

Due to hormonal changes experienced during pregnancy, some skin problems may occur. These problems, which are not harmful to women or the baby, include itching, pigmentation and connective tissue changes, vascular enlargement. Accordingly, problems such as cracks, differentiation in skin color, staining, hair growth, male pattern hair loss, and nail breakage can be seen.

Mood Changes

Pregnant ladies often experience mood swings. The main reason for this change is hormonal changes that affect the neurotransmitters of the brain. Some women may experience very high ups and downs. In others, happiness, depression or anxiety can sometimes be seen. The important point in mood changes, which are quite normal during pregnancy, is the duration of this change. Those who have long-lasting depression and anxiety should apply to a well-being institution.


Especially in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, women may feel more tired than usual. Hormonal changes in the body during this period cause people to feel sick, tired, romantic and sad.

What Are One Hundred Percent Pregnancy Symptoms?

Women with suspected pregnancy should apply to a health institution if they show one or more of the written symptoms. Although delayed menstrual bleeding is one of the hundred percent signs of pregnancy, it may not be a definite result for those who experience irregular bleeding.

Frequent occurrence of morning sickness and subsequent vomiting, which are among the first pregnancy symptoms, are also among the symptoms that bring pregnancy to mind.

In addition to symptoms such as continuous pain in the groin area, back and waist pain, dizziness, vomiting, sensitivity to smells and frequent urination; If there are romantic changes, constant desire to sleep, and complaints of weakness, it can be said that it is a 100% sign of pregnancy.

Not every pregnant woman has to experience these symptoms. It is also noteworthy that there are women who give birth without experiencing nausea and dizziness in any month of their pregnancy. It is a known fact that expectant mothers who consume plenty of water, eat well and take short walks during their pregnancy have a problem-free pregnancy.

Home urine tests can give a quick indication of whether you are pregnant or not, but can be misleading at times. Therefore, it is a good decision to seek help from an obstetrician. In the blood test performed when pregnancy is suspected, the beta HCG hormone value is checked.

If this value is in a certain range, it means one hundred percent pregnancy. In addition, the presence of a gestational sac on ultrasound clearly indicates the presence of the baby.


When do signs of pregnancy (pregnancy) begin?

Usually, the first four weeks of pregnancy may go unnoticed due to waiting for the menstrual period.

Signs of pregnancy may begin within 1-2 weeks of the first trimester of pregnancy.

In the 4th-6th weeks of pregnancy, changes in the breast begin and there may be an increase in breast size. In the following period, darkening and discoloration of the nipple (areola) may be observed.

Nausea and vomiting usually increase between the 4th and 6th weeks and reaches its peak around the 9th week.

During the 8th-10th weeks of pregnancy, an increase in heart rate can be seen. With the increase in estrogen (hormone that ensures the development of reproductive function in women) and progesterone (hormone that prepares women for pregnancy) in the body due to pregnancy;

  • Anxiety,
  • Depression,
  • Emotional position changes in the form of euphoria (extreme state) can be observed.

When should a pregnancy (pregnancy) test be done?

A home pregnancy test is usually positive one week after a missed period. However, since these tests are evaluated by looking at the pregnancy hormone (Beta-HCG) in the urine, the value must be higher than the blood test for the result to be positive. Therefore, its sensitivity is low.

Testing Beta-HCG with blood test gives definite results. The positivity of pregnancy hormone in the blood is seen at the earliest, 9-12 days after intercourse. People who have irregular periods or cannot remember the date of the last menstrual period can wait 14 days after intercourse.

A value below 5 IU/L is considered negative. Between 5-10 IU/L is considered suspicious, and over 10 IU/L is considered positive. Suspicious or positive values should be followed up.

How to calculate pregnancy?

Gestational week and delivery time are calculated based on the woman’s last menstrual period. In order to calculate the pregnancy, the expectant mother should know the last menstrual period clearly.

The estimated time of birth is given after 280 days are added to this date. This situation corresponds to the 40th week of pregnancy. However, in a healthy pregnancy, delivery can occur between 37 and 42 weeks.

If the prospective mother is not reliable or does not remember the menstrual date, calculation can be made according to the Beta-HCG value in the blood and the increase in this value or according to the ultrasound findings.

Ultrasound measurements, especially in the first trimester, have a very high sensitivity in calculating the gestational week and birth week. To summarize the three-month periods of pregnancy, which we describe as trimesters, are as follows:

  • First trimester: 1-14. between weeks
  • Second trimester: 14-28. between weeks
  • Third trimester: 28-42. between weeks

On a monthly basis,

1st Month: Between 1st and 6th weeks of pregnancy
2st Month: 7-11. Between weeks of pregnancy
3st Month: 12 -16. Between weeks of pregnancy

4th Month: 17-20. Between weeks of pregnancy

5th Month: 21-24. Between weeks of pregnancy

Month 6: 25-28. Between weeks of pregnancy

7th Month: 29-32. Between weeks of pregnancy

8th Month: 33-36. Between weeks of pregnancy

9th Month: 37 weeks and up

When does the baby’s movement in the womb begin to be felt?

The movements of the baby are felt for the first time in the womb between 18 and 20 weeks of gestation. In case of first pregnancy, this period may be later. In pregnant women who have given birth before, the movements of the baby begin to be felt earlier, around the 16th week on average.

As the gestational week progresses, the baby’s movement frequency and stiffness may change. Especially in the afternoon and evening, the baby’s movements increase.

During the day and at night, the baby has sleep periods of 20-40 minutes. This period rarely exceeds 90 minutes. During the sleep period, the baby does not move.

The baby’s movements often tend to increase until the 32nd week. After that, the movements are more stable. With the approach of birth and the growth of the baby, the movement capacity decreases and the movements can be felt more lightly.

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